Lesson 1: setting hands, variable stroke, chromatic exercise
Play the guitar, as you’ve probably guessed by hand. The right and left.
Therefore, we must start with the correct setting. Even on electric guitar – relatively young musical instrument – already played more than 60 years, and as usual, classical guitar – not age, not two. During this time, people had to choose the most suitable to play the position of your hands, and nothing prevents us to use their valuable experience.
Play again, hands, left and right, and, as a rule, at the same time. But so well they play at the same time, to begin a good idea to find out what makes each of them separately. Let us do it.
the Right hand holds the mediator, beats the mediator strings, muffles the strings and sometimes, forgetting his true purpose, climbs to the left to help hold the strings. And that’s all. Now first things first… Right hand, as already mentioned, holds the mediator. Bend your index finger, put it on a large, and… something is missing. Oh yeah! And between them should be the mediator. It is placed on the last phalanx of the index finger and, ultimately, must lie perpendicular to the thumb , and its small tip (the one that witty) with a length of 5–10 mm sticking out. To them we are going to play.
Right hand somewhere in the region of the elbow rests on the guitar so that the brush was about strings. Unallocated mediator fingers (usually the little finger) it is better to rest against a building or in a pickup, it will provide more control of the movements of the brush.
to Hit the mediator strings can be up and down, thereby causing them to sound. The brush makes a small rotational movement in a plane parallel to the strings, and the ulnar side – progressive (like a pendulum), the fingers remain stationary.
the Left hand.
the Left hand presses the strings to the fingerboard, thereby changing the length of the sounding part of the string, and with it the pitch of (a note). In order to provide maximum freedom of brushes bearing on the fingerboard is made only with your thumb.
Other fingers gripped the strings, and they should be approximately perpendicular to the surface of the fingerboard. To string sounded cleaner, you should try to squeeze it between the nut frets closer to the middle.
Typical mistake of beginners is that they are trying for more confidence to embrace the neck more tightly and rests against it from below the lower phalanges, but in doing so, they hinder the movement of the brush. The left hand should touch the fingerboard only the thumb and the pads of the other clamping strings (with the exception of certain techniques, which we will discuss later).
some theory. Notes and tablature.
so, the music consists of notes. That they exist, many have heard, but we have to find out more. To imagine that such note, pull one string (e.g., first)without hurting others. This is the note. Now mute it and pull another (e.g., the sixth). This is another note. And to determine which one is which, they were given names: do, re, mi, FA, Sol, La and si.
Some of these notes above, «thinner» (first string), the other below, «fatter” (the sixth string). All notes are combined in a sequence of and, respectively, are separated from each other by some distance. The minimum such distance is called «gray». Guitar semitone corresponds to one way, that is, for example, the distance between the note, which will return the first string, sandwiched on the first fret and the note, which will give it jammed on the second fret, is equal to one semitone.
the Distance between the notes and their sequence:
As you can see in the figure, the sequence of notes fixated, that is, after the si will go back up, then d and so on. Of course, it would not be the same before and the other above, but very similar to the previous one. The distance between these notes is called a «voice» and is equal to 12 semitones.
in a later section we will talk about the music, but now about something else…
guitar there is an alternative way of recording party tool: tablature. It consists of six lines, which are denoted by strings and numbers frets that need to hold on them. For example, if we need first to play two times the first fret on the third string, and then three times the second fret of the fifth string, then in the tab it will look like this:
Chromatic exercise. AC bar.
As I said, the mediator can hit the string up or down. Obviously, striking alternately up and down, you can save time spent retrieving sounds. If you play only up or only down, move arms back down (up) will be idle, while playing up and down, we each movement (hereinafter – touch) extracted a new note. This way the game is called «AC bar». It will still play.
Any skills practiced in the exercises, and skills of playing the guitar (and in our case – clamping the right strings at the right frets and a variable stroke) are not the exception. That is why we are waiting for a variety of exercises. The first of them is shown in the tablature below.
Play this exercise in classic, the canonical fingering.
now, Let’s understand what it means…
Fingering – this is the distribution of the fingers of the left hand in the party. That is, for example, we need to play the first fret of the first string. It ’ s party. And what we need to play his index finger – fingering. And if the middle – another fingering. That’s understood.
Classical fingering is one in which the principle of “one finger – one way». For example, if index (hereinafter «first») with your finger, we stifle the third fret, fourth will hold a medium (“second”), fifth – unnamed («third») and, finally, sixth – the little finger (guess, «fourth»). This arm will be called «the third position», fret number, which is responsible for the first finger. Other frets in the third position inaccessible in principle to play them, you will have this very position to change.
now, play this exercise (remember yet?) it is necessary in classical fingering, whereby in the first position. That is, for the first fret meets the first finger, second – the second, and so on. Play it slowly so that each note was sounding confident, hands were in the right position, and the bar was variable.
you Can learn to play quickly and well, being able to play slowly and well, but to learn to play quickly and well, being able to play fast and bad – you can’t.
On that happy note first lesson ends. To meet new friends, play football on the guitar!
Author: Roman Petrikowski
Learning to play the electric guitar.
Phone: 8-906-762-12-10, Roman.
Official website: vatrikovsky.ru